Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

What is CBT/ Cognitive Behaviour Therapy?
CBT is a form of talking therapy that combines cognitive therapy and behaviour therapy. It focuses on how you think about the things going on in your life – your thoughts, images, beliefs and attitudes (your cognitive processes) – and how this impacts on the way you behave and deal with emotional problems. It then looks at how you can change any negative patterns of thinking or behaviour that may be causing you difficulties. In turn, this can change the way you feel.

Cognitive Behavioural Couples Therapy (CBCT)
This has become one of the most well researched approaches for the treatment of marital and couples distress. When CBT is applied to marriage or long term relationships it premise suggests that one partner’s behaviour influences and is influenced by the actions of the other. CBCT focuses on two aspects of this process a) exchange of positive and negative behaviours b) communications skills.

EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing)
EMDR therapy is an evidence-based method of psychotherapy that facilitates AIP (adaptive information processing). It is an eight-phase treatment which identifies and addresses experiences that have overwhelmed the brain’s natural resilience or coping capacity, and have thereby generated traumatic symptoms and/or harmful coping strategies. Through EMDR therapy, clients are able to reprocess traumatic information until it is no longer psychologically disruptive.

What sort of problems can benefit from Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapy/EMDR?
These types of therapy are now the treatment of choice for individuals with a wide range of problems whose psychological difficulties result in cognitive and behavioural changes and hence an impairment in their quality of life.

These problems include the following:

  • Anxiety and Panic Attacks
  • Depression
  • Phobias (e.g. Agoraphobia, Social Phobia)
  • Health Anxiety
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Generalised Anxiety Disorder
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder /Trauma
  • Chronic pain
  • Couples Distress
  • Low self esteem
  • Insomnia
  • Social Anxiety

How long does treatment last? 
Therapy depends on the nature and severity of a client’s problem. Typically sessions are weekly, last  50 – 90 minutes depending on treatment modality (CBT, CBCT or EMDR) and take place over a period of between 6-12 sessions, but this can be significantly longer or shorter.